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THMG121 – NFPA 1072 Operations Level


We resume NPFA 1072 discussion expanding on the skills requirements for Operations level staff.

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    1. Ok lets get started with some basic idea. Because 1072 really dives into what is known as mission specific which we will start to get into. But first let’s keep it general. What is an operational level, who falls into this category?
      1. The definition that 1072 uses for an operations level responder is this. “Persons who respond to hazardous materials/weapons of mass destruction (WMD) incidents for the purpose of implementing or supporting actions to protect nearby persons, the environment, or property from the effects of the release.”
      2. We the fire department, see this as our normal fire fighters. I believe nationally you have to have some form of operations training as a firefighter.
        1. So think of the a hazmat scene. The techs do mitigation work. They stabilize the material. Everything else, all the logics, all the man power, all the support comes from other people on scene. They are litterialy what makes the operations.
        2. They are generally the first on scene. So we talking about life safety, ic initiation, calling in additional resource, providing manpower support for the techs and closing the scene out. Weather that be handing off to a different agency or feeling comfortable in making the call that the incident is over.
        3. Personally i feel like this is a much overlooked part of hazmat. Personal wise it constitute a tremendous amount of the man power. The operations level responders will be making decisions that can have drastic impact on the incident. I really do feel like most firefighters take for granted there roll as an operations level responder. To the point that they don’t even realize what they should know or be responsible for. So I love 1072 because here is a document that any chief or officer can turn to and read what is expected of there firefighters and run a simple drill to make sure there guys are up to speed. Quick and simple. Ok off my soap box.
      3. 1075 5.2 starts with analyzing the problem. It does this by first saying ok lets identify potential hazards. We have covered a few methods of this is prior episodes. Since this is strictly talking about what’s in 1072 were going to stick with what is required.
        1. so what type of skills are required. We need to be able to
          1. Identifying container types,
          2. Materials with in the container,
          3. location of release,
          4. surrounding conditions at a hazardous materials/WMD incident;
          5. collecting hazard information;
          6. communicating with pipeline operators or carrier representatives;
          7. describing the likely behavior of the hazardous materials or WMD and its container;
          8. and describing the potential hazards, harm, and outcomes associated with that behavior and the surrounding conditions.
      4. We then move on to the making a plan. 5.3 is identify action options.
        1. Identifying response objectives and action options based on the scope of the problem and available resources;
        2. identifying whether approved PPE is suitable for the incident conditions;
        3. identifying emergency decontamination needs based on the scope of the problem.
      5. Now on to test your ability to implement the Plan
        1. Establishing and maintaining scene control;
        2. recognizing and preserving evidence;
        3. Inspecting, donning, working in, going through decontamination while wearing, and doffing approved PPE;
        4. isolating contaminated tools, equipment, and PPE;
        5. conducting gross decontamination of contaminated personnel, tools, equipment, and PPE in the field;
        6. cleaning, disinfecting, and inspecting approved tools, equipment, and PPE.
      6. 5.5 start to run threw emergency decon
        1. Selecting an emergency decontamination method;
        2. setting up emergency decontamination in a safe area;
        3. using PPE in the proper manner; implementing emergency decontamination;
        4. preventing spread of contamination;
        5. And avoiding hazards during emergency decontamination
      7. Progress Evaluation and Reporting
        1. Determining incident status;
        2. Determining whether the response objectives are being accomplished;
        3. using approved communications tools and equipment;
        4. communicating the status of assigned tasks.
    2. Chapter 6 Starts to deal with operations level stuff but in a different way. It’s called mission specific operations. What it does it give an AHJ a little bit of wiggle room. The wriggle room needed to fill the gaps between and offensive tech and a hands off defencive operations level.
      1. IT does this by allowing the AHJ to designate operations level responders to perform additional tasks to support the response mission.
      2. So what are some of these extra things that missions spiffic allows and AHJ to do.
      3. 6.2 Personal Protective Equipment.
        1. Selecting PPE for the assignment;
        2. inspecting, maintaining, storing, donning, working in, and doffing PPE;
        3. going through decontamination (emergency and technical) while wearing the PPE;
        4. and reporting and documenting the use of PPE.
      4. 6.3 Mass Decontamination
        1. Selecting and using PPE;
        2. selecting a mass decontamination method to minimize the hazard;
        3. Setting up and implementing mass decontamination operations in a safe location;
        4. evaluating the effectiveness of the mass decontamination Method;
        5. and completing required reports and supporting documentation for mass decontamination operations
      5. 6.4* Technical Decontamination.
        1. Selecting and using PPE;
        2. selecting a technical decontamination procedure to minimize the hazard;
        3. setting up and implementing technical decontamination operations;
        4. evaluating the effectiveness of the technical decontamination process;
        5. completing reporting and documentation Requirements.
      6. 6.5* Evidence Preservation and Public Safety Sampling.
        1. Identifying incidents with a potential violation of criminal statutes or governmental regulations;
        2. identifying the agency having investigative jurisdiction over an incident that is potentially criminal in nature or a violation of government regulations;
        3. operating field screening and sampling equipment to screen for corrosivity, flammability, oxidizers, radioactivity, volatile organic compounds (VOC), and fluorides;
        4. securing, characterizing, and preserving the scene;
        5. identifying and protecting potential evidence until it can be collected by an agency with investigative authority;
        6. Following chain-of-custody procedures;
        7. characterizing hazards;
        8. Performing protocols for field screening samples for admission into the Laboratory Response Network or other forensic laboratory system;
        9. protecting evidence from secondary contamination;
        10. determining agency having response authority to collect public safety samples;
        11. collecting public safety samples;
        12. packaging and labeling samples;
        13. decontaminating samples;
        14. Determining agency having investigative law enforcement authority to collect evidence and public safety samples;
        15. Decontaminating outside sample packaging;
        16. preparing samples for protection and transportation to a laboratory;
        17. completing required reports and supporting documentation for evidence preservation and public safety sampling operations.
      7. Product Control.
        1. Selecting and using PPE;
        2. selecting and performing product control techniques to confine/contain the release with limited risk of personal exposure;
        3. using approved control agents and equipment on a release involving hazardous materials/WMD;
        4. using remote control valves and emergency
        5. shut off devices on cargo tanks and intermodal tanks in transportation and containers at fixed facilities;
        6. and performing product control techniques.
      8. Detection, Monitoring, and Sampling.
        1. Selecting and using PPE;
        2. field testing and operating approved detection, monitoring, and sampling equipment;
        3. reading, interpreting, and documenting the readings from detection, monitoring, and sampling equipment;
        4. communicating results of detection, monitoring, and sampling;
        5. decontaminating detection, monitoring, and sampling equipment;
        6. maintaining detection, monitoring, and sampling equipment according to manufacturer’s’ specifications or AHJ policies and procedures;
        7. completing required reports and supporting documentation for detection, monitoring, and sampling operations.
      9. Victim Rescue and Recovery.
        1. Identifying both rescue and recovery situations;
        2. victim prioritizing and patient triaging;
        3. Selecting proper rescue or recovery options; using available specialized rescue equipment;
        4. selecting and using PPE for the victim and the rescuer;
        5. searching for, rescuing, and recovering victims;
        6. and completing required reports and supporting documentation for victim rescue and recovery operations.
      10. Response to Illicit Laboratories.
        1. Implementing scene control procedures;
        2. selecting and using PPE;
        3. selecting detection, monitoring, and sampling equipment;
        4. implementing technical decontamination for personnel;
        5. securing an illicit laboratory;
        6. Identifying and isolating hazards;
        7. identifying safety hazards; conducting a joint hazardous materials/hazardous devices assessment operation;
        8. decontaminating potential suspects, tactical law enforcement
        9. personnel, weapons and law enforcement canines;

completing required reports and supporting documentation for illicit laboratory response operations.

The Hazmat Guys

Author: The Hazmat Guys


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